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This is the apprenticeship, in which the employer is obliged not only to pay remuneration to employees, but also to train them.

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Part-time work is generally governed by NCBAs, with some specific commwrcio regulated at firm level. The applicable legislation envisages new incentives for hiring people with disabilities: Therefore, equality is one of the fundamental principles of the whole Italian legal system. The strategy is implemented in the context of the European Semester process — the EU’s annual cycle of economic policy guidance and surveillance — which ensures that Member States keep their budgetary and economic policies in line with their EU commitments through, in part, National Reform Programmes.

Highlights — Working life in Highlights — Working life in Authors: This relationship is shaped by legal regulation and by the outcomes of social partner negotiations over the terms and conditions governing the employment relationship.

The same obligations shall apply to political parties, trade unions, and NGOs. There is no legal regulation on weekend work. ANPAL is supposed to perform a range of tasks: Sanctions against unfair dismissals have been markedly reduced for workers hired from onwards, a measure intended to incentivise the creation of permanent jobs, although fixed-term contracts and temporary agency work have also been largely liberalised. Read the highlights for for working life in Italy.

Ability to choose or change methods of work Data source: NCBAs are generally renewed every two years with regard to wages, and every four years with regard to other aspects. With Jobs Act, a binary system has been created: Wage provisions contained in NCBAs, therefore, represent the criterion to assess wages set in individual contracts.

Some types of time flexibility strategies are beginning to be provided for or introduced in collective agreements, but the general trend is to fix working hours within a specific time span, generally from The dismissal of executives must be communicated in writing. However, these agreements apply only to enterprises and workers who are members of bargaining social partners. Decentralised collective bargaining agreements set the framework for private welfare from onwards, which will consist of: Health and safety at work The overall number of accidents at work has been decreasing in recent years, both in absolute terms and compared to employment rates.


Finally, penalties for employers that do not abide by these rules have been increased. This section briefly summarises regulation and issues regarding working time, overtime, part-time work as well as working time flexibility in Italy.

Living and working in Italy

In greater detail, specific categories of disadvantaged people will have the possibility to access the special APE, which is funded by the State. For the ‘Rarely or never’ answer, Italy’s score is lower than the European Union score.

The Prevention and Protection Service can be handled either internally or by an external contractor. RSU members are chosen by workers through an election process. Tell ccommercio what you think. Survey respondents in Italy are also less optimistic than people on average in the EU Individual dismissal for just cause giusta causa: Eurofound research finds that some types of work organisation are associated with a better quality of work and employment.

In general, rest periods and breaks shall be enjoyed consecutively. As to internships, the Regions must provide for some of the regulating principles, such as the minimum amount of the indemnity to be provided to the intern. The pay indexes are based on survey data and on INPS administrative declarations released by enterprises, and exclude workers under short-time working schemes and managers.

Please note that there is no clear distinction between national cross-sectoral, occupational, and sectoral levels in Italy. The main obligations upon the employer are as follows: Wing, inoltre, sviluppa anche softwareda cui si aspetta di produrre una porzione consistente del suo business: The provisions contained in those laws concern in most aspects only workers operai and employees impiegatiand do not affect executives dirigenti.

Equal pay and the gender pay gap No specific provisions exist as to the implementation of an equal pay structure; the whole issue is regulated by the provision against discrimination in whatever form it may occur. Paritarian institutions can be considered as institutional funds inasmuch as the law sets out specific goals for collective bargaining to be pursued through funds, or alternatively specific schemes to be implemented through them; this category includes pension funds, private healthcare funds, unemployment funds, and vocational training funds.


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Developments in working life The sanction consists only of compensation for damages i. Available data are not account for inflation. Other country-specific information may be available in certain areas on demand.

These developments, supported and incentivised by the government, have often torn unions apart, with the Italian General Confederation of Work CGIL pointing to the risk of deconstruction of collectively agreed rules.

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Yet, the number of fatal accidents was on the rise again inreversing the previous decreasing trend. The law regulates the right to strike only in relation to the public sector.

It can be said, by analogy, that the weekly rest day must be on Sunday. Employment rates increased in the five years considered. For the ‘No’ answer, Italy’s score is higher than the European Union score.

The provisions on working hours and overtime are included in Act no. Trade union membership in s The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist in the development of better social, employment and work-related policies.

This section looks into the start and termination of the employment relationship and entitlements and obligations in Italy. In the figure, we see a comparison between Italy and European Union for the people with ‘Establishment size: Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini Published on: Relationships between employers and employees are regulated in considerable detail by Italian law and — where applicable — by the relevant National Collective Bargaining Agreement NCBAwhich leaves only a few matters to be settled by individual negotiations and agreements.