THE purpose of the Gezira Irrigation Scheme is to provide the northern portion of the Gezira Plain with a plentiful supply of water for the purpose of cotton. This report examines how the design of the Gezira Irrigation Scheme has resolved many of the distribution problems still found in more recently. High potential of natural resources but low agricultural productivity are main characteristics of Gezira Irrigation Scheme in Sudan. Located in.

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Gezira Scheme

It seemed that its cultivation was transferred from Ggezira to west Asia to Africa. Moreover, it has been found that some of geziea inputs were not in accordance with scientific specification.

In the area was increased to feddans of cotton the Zeidab farm was later managed by the Sudan plantation syndicate using direct labour which later was substituted with land rent after the interference of the Sudan Government at that time, in the company had put the system into real practice.

Articles containing Arabic-language text Coordinates on Wikidata. Another point mark in the Gezira scheme history is that of Managil Extension which increase the Gezira scheme area from less than one million feddans to 2. The method of discounted gross benefits divided by the total discounted gross costs. Rainfall was uncertain and before irrigation only shifting cultivation and nomadic grazing was possible.

But, the technology is still new and implications are not fully understood. The cotton varieties are: The process of calculating the present value of a sum of money due sometime in the future is called discounting. The decrease was attributed to many factors among them were the following:.


The report recommends the design of the physical infrastructure, and states the impact on the management of these systems. After harvest, cotton cultivated lands provides a rich posture for livestock.

Economic Analysis of Cotton Production in the Gezira Scheme: 19 70- 2004

Cotton is a permanent source of income for farmers. The production geziar in Gezira scheme is based on the partnership agreement between the tenants, the board of directors and the government, which was mainly directed towards the promotion of cotton production neglecting to some extent the production scheke other crops which were the responsibility of the tenants themselves.

Sudan Gezira Board Statistical Information unit [7]. The most important sources of secondary data includes: The above Table 1 indicates fluctuation of cotton production over those 34 years and also the average yield of cotton crop.

Gezira: the largest irrigation scheme in Africa

This page was last edited on 28 Marchat The adoption rate for GE technology is the highest for any new technology in irrigxtion agriculture industry. Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language. Niger falls back off track. The development of profits share for the three partners during the joint account system. It was a challenged for everyone working in the field of production research to find ways and means to improve yields. Agriculture in the Sudan depends on two principal sources of water: This study is to investigate cotton production at the different phase irirgation its history to update information and evaluate economic aspects of the cotton production in the Gezira scheme.


Climate differences are also observed in the average temperature and relative humidity. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. These studies focus on the extent to which the design of the irrigation system fosters effective water management and provides equitable, Scheke cooperated with the Sudanese government and the Gezira Board. Article PDF first page preview.

Google Buzz Stumble Upon Delicious. In Februarya irrlgation of economic procedures were declared which were directly reflected on the Gezira Scheme, included complete liberalization of the price of the Sudanese pound and equal liberalization of foreign currency transactions.

Sudanese farmers ‘desperate’ about El Gezira Agricultural Scheme | Radio Dabanga

Total gross cost averaged The country forms a wide basin sloping gently down towards the North, with high land on the other three sides. Guidelines Upcoming Special Issues. The tenant individual account were to scueme debited schene advances, interest on debit, services contracted on an individual basis, material draw on an individual basis and per feddan land and water charges.

Home Publications Conferences Register Contact. In the experiment was introduced into the Gezira plains. The function of this council is to discuss and settle all problems facing the agricultural program.

Combinations of factors were negatively affecting cotton area and production during the different periods. Water from the Blue Nile is distributed through canals and ditches to tenant farms lying between the Blue and White Nile rivers.