Danforth &Donnalley Laundry Products Company case study At 3:00 p.m. on April 14, 2010, James Danforth, president of Danforth & Donnalley (D&D) Laundry Products Company,

Danforth &Donnalley Laundry Products Company case study At 3:00 p.m. on April 14, 2010, James Danforth, president of Danforth & Donnalley (D&D) Laundry Products Company, called to order a meeting of the financial directors. The purpose of the meeting was to make a capital-budgeting decision with respect to the introduction and production of a new product, a liquid detergent called Blast. D&D was formed in 1993 with the merger of Danforth Chemical Company (producer of Lift-Off detergent, the leading laundry detergent on the West Coast) and Donnalley Home Products Company (maker of Wave detergent, a major Midwestern laundry product). As a result of the merger, D&D was producing and marketing two major product lines. Although these products were in direct competition, they were not without product differentiation: Lift-Off was a low-suds, concentrated powder, and Wave was a more traditional powder detergent. Each line brought with it considerable brand loyalty; and, by 2010, sales from the two detergent lines had increased ten-fold from 1993levels, with both products now being sold nationally. In the face of increased competition and technological innovation, D&D spent large amounts of time and money over the past 4 years researching and developing a new, highly concentrated liquid laundry detergent. D&D’s new detergent, which they call Blast, had many obvious advantages over the conventional powdered products. The company felt that Blast offered the consumer benefits in three major areas. Blast was so highly concentrated that only 2 ounces were needed to do an average load of laundry, as compared with 8 to 12 ounces of powdered detergent. Moreover, being a liquid, it was possible to pour Blast directly on stains and hard-to-wash spots, eliminating the need for a pre-soak and giving it cleaning abilities that powders could not possiblymatch. And, finally, it would be packaged in a lightweight, unbreakable plastic bottle with a sure-grip handle, making it much easier to use and more convenient to store than the bulky boxes of powdered detergents with which it would compete. The meeting participants included James Danforth, president of D&D; Jim Donnalley, director of the board; Guy Rainey,vice-president in charge of new products; Urban McDonald ,controller; and Steve Gasper, a newcomer to the D&D financial staff who was invited by McDonald to sit in on the meeting. Danforth called the meeting to order, gave a brief statement of its purpose,and immediately gave the floor to Guy Rainey. Rainey opened with a presentation of the cost and cash flow analysis for the new product. To keep things clear, he passed out copies of the projected cash flows to those present (see Exhibits 1and 2). In support of this information, he provided some insights : D&D Laundry Products Company Forecast of Annual Cash Flows from the Blast Product (Including cash flows resulting from sales diverted from the existing product lines.) Pg 2 of 3 D&D Laundry Products Company Forecast of Annual Cash Flows from the Blast Product (Excluding cash flows resulting from sales diverted from the existing product lines.) 8            315,000 as to how these calculations were determined. Rainey proposed that the initial cost for Blast include $500,000 for the test marketing, which was conducted in the Detroit area and completed in June of the previous year, and $2 million for new specialized equipment and packaging facilities. The estimated life for the facilities was 15 years, after which they would have no salvage value. This 15-year estimated life assumption coincides with company policy set by Donnalley not to consider cash flows occurring more than 15 years into the future, as estimates that far ahead “tend to become little more than blind guesses.” Rainey cautioned against taking the annual cash flows (as shown in Exhibit 1) at face value because portions of these cash flows actually would be a result of sales that had been diverted from Lift-Off and Wave. For this reason, Rainey also produced the estimated annual cash flows that had been adjusted to include only those cash flows incremental to the company as a whole (as shown in Exhibit 2). At this point, discussion opened between Donnalley and McDonald, and it was concluded that the opportunity cost on funds was 10%. Gasper then questioned the fact that no costs were included in the proposed cash budget for plant facilities that would be needed to produce the new product. Rainey replied that, at the present time, Lift-Off’s production facilities were being used at only 55% of capacity, and because these facilities were suitable for use in the production of Blast, no new plant facilities would need to be acquired for the production of the new product line. It was estimated that full production of Blast would only require 10% of the plant capacity. McDonald then asked if there had been any consideration of increased working capital needs to operate the investment project. Rainey answered that there had, and that this project would require $200,000 of additional working capital; however, as this money would never leave the firm and would always be in liquid form, it was not considered an outflow and hence not included in the calculations. Donnalley argued that this project should be charged something for its use of current excess plant facilities. His reasoning was that if another firm had space like this and was willing to rent it out, it could charge somewhere in the neighborhood of $2 million. However, he went on to acknowledge that D&D had a strict policy that prohibits renting or leasing any of its production facilities to any party from outside the firm. If they didn’t charge for facilities, he concluded, the firm might end up accepting projects that under normal circumstances would be rejected. From here the discussion continued, centering on the question of what to do about the lost contribution from other projects, the test marketing costs, and the working capital. Pg 3 of 3 If you were put in the place of Steve Gasper, would you argue for the cost from market testing to be included in a cash outflow? 2. What would your opinion be as to how to deal with the question of working capital? 3. Would you suggest that the product be charged for the use of excess production facilities and building space? 4. Would you suggest that the cash flows resulting from erosion of sales from current laundry detergent products be included as a cash inflow? If there was a chance of competitors introducing a similar product if you did not introduce Blast, would this affect your answer? 5. If debt were used to finance this project, should the interest payments associated with this new debt be considered cash flows? 6. What are the NPV, IRR, and PI of this project, both includingcash flows resulting from sales diverted from the existing product lines (Exhibit 1) and excluding cash flows resulting from sales diverted from the existing product lines (Exhibit 2)? Under the assumption that there is a good chance that competition will introduce a similar product if you don’t, would you accept or reject this project? Danforth &Donnalley Laundry Products Company Danforth &Donnalley Laundry Products Company case study

Prior to tackling this first discussion question, read Chapters 11 and 12 in The processes used to make laws, govern society, and maintain democracy are

Prior to tackling this first discussion question, read Chapters 11 and 12 in The processes used to make laws, govern society, and maintain democracy are complex and multi-faceted. The processes also involve many different political issues and actors to include interest groups and political parties. Examining the politics surrounding a recall election will give great insights into how one particular democratic process, recall election, work and enable critical analysis of the various political actors involved in the process, their behavior, and their power/authority relationships. In your initial post of at least 200 words, research a recall election. Use this website from the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), as your starting point for your research: . Choose of the three following gubernatorial recall elections in U.S. history to research. “In 2012, Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker survived a recall attempt. In 2003, California voters successfully recalled Governor Gray Davis, and in North Dakota in 1921, voters removed from office not only Governor Lynn J. Frazier,” (NCSL, 2013, Para. 8). You will be assigned to research a specific country based on the first letter of your last name.

Research and report on the organizations listed with their corresponding websites below and write a one and a half page summary of each organization’s purpose/function/mission/benefits

Research and report on the organizations listed with their corresponding websites below and write a one and a half page summary of each organization’s purpose/function/mission/benefits and resources it offers to members and the general public (if public resources are available). All 5 organization reports must be submitted in a single paper with the organizations used as divider headers. This paper must contain paraphrases of organization website contents with proper APA source crediting in the paper body and in an attached “Reference(s)” page and with no content copied directly from the sites (the latter constitutes plagiarism and will void the assignment points and result in a course grade of “F” if more than one instance is detected). It is expected that your paper will be at least 8 to 10 pages of content, not counting the title page, abstract and references page in course content. You do need to have a properly formatted title page, abstract and a reference page for this assignment. Professional Organizations for use in this assignment: American Psychological Association (APA) http://www.apa.org American Counseling Association (ACA) http://www.counseling.org American School Counseling Association (ASCA) www.schoolcounselor.org Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP) http://www.siop.org American Psychology and Law Society http://www.ap-ls.org

Walter is 16-year-old biracial male. His dad is African American and is an executive. His mom is White and a kindergarten teacher. Walter and his

Walter is 16-year-old biracial male. His dad is African American and is an executive. His mom is White and a kindergarten teacher. Walter and his parents relocated from the Midwest to the South due to his dad accepting a job in a Metropolitan area but purchased a home in a small rural Southern city. Walter’s parents tried to provide him as much normalcy as possible. He has a great relationship with both his mom and dad’s family. Racial issues were not discussed often in his home and he has had no experience with racism. After moving to his new city as a teenager, Walter encountered some challenges. Walter’s previous schools his friends were from different cultural backgrounds. At his new school, the majority of the students are White and he is having a hard time fitting in. He had an incident at the school where a White student used a racial epithet when describing him. This resulted in a physical confrontation and Walter was suspended. The principal said he was the aggressor and overreacted. Walter has an interest in science. When he spoke to his guidance counselor about taking a physics course next year, he was informed the class was difficult and he probably would not be able to keep up. Little did the teacher know that Walter has always been an honor roll student and excelled in his Advanced Placement Math and Science courses at his previous school. Walter often hears students making insensitive comments about the racial conflicts happening in the U.S. and some even making racial remarks towards the first Black president of the United States. Walter finds himself being followed when he goes into stores. He was pulled over one day by the local police. Walter felt he was racially profile as the officer could not explain what he had done wrong, and instead questioned Walter about whose car he was driving, where he was going, and why he was in the neighborhood. Walter is experiencing feelings of anger, confusion, and sadness. He refuses to speak to his parents about what is happening to him. It is starting to impact his academic performance and his self-worth. His mom tried talking to him but his response was, “you cannot understand what I’m going through because you are White.” For this Assignment answer the following questions in details explaining how you would assist both Walter and his parents: Provide appropriate citations and references in APA Style formatting to reference the text or any other outside source in your answers. Your assignment should be 4–6 pages long.  Your writing should be in Standard American English and be clear and specific with few errors

Film has been one of the major areas of growth for composers in the 20th and 21st centuries. In this paper, students will explore the

Film has been one of the major areas of growth for composers in the 20th and 21st centuries. In this paper, students will explore the role of music in movie-making by watching a movie with an Academy Award winning scare and analyzing the role of the music in that film. Watch a movie with an Academy Award winning score from titled Academy Award Winning Scores. If you have any trouble using the downloadable resource, reference the list of Academic Award winning scores . In your paper, you will be researching the music in that film, examining the role of music in film, and drawing parallels between film music, opera, and program music from the Romantic era. Begin your paper by providing information about the film and the music in the film. Questions to cover are: When was the film made? Who directed and produced the film? What kind of award did the score receive? Was it for Original Score, Musical Score, Score of a dramatic or comedy picture, Score of a musical picture, or some other award? Who won the award? Did they compose the score or adapt it from other sources? Provide some biographical information about the composer or adaptor of the score. Discuss the score at some length. Is the instrumentation a traditional orchestra, or does it use other types of instruments, or groups of instruments? Does the score have separate parts that support specific scenes? How does the music function in the scene? Does it amplify emotional responses like joy or sadness? Does it create tension or suspense? Draw parallels from Romantic-era opera and program music to modern film music. Does the music in your film use any compositional devices that stem from the Romantic era? Is the score in your film particularly groundbreaking for some reason? This paper should be at least 1000 words in length, be thoroughly spell- and grammar-checked, and contain an introduction and a conclusion. Your works cited list should include a variety of sources, and the film must be listed as a source. YouTube and Wikipedia are not appropriate sources. Do not use them in your list of sources. is also not allowed because research implies reading beyond the textbook.  Your paper and your works cited list should be in MLA format. For more information on MLA format, consult the . It goes without saying that your paper should be your own work. Any text that is directly copied from other sources should be identified as a direct quote. Purchase the answer to view it

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Watch , and then, analyze the film according to the previous four weeks’ reading. What does the film suggest about the causes and solutions of human alienation from nature? Do the film’s insights fit with Cronon (from Week One)? With White (from Week Two)? Is the film’s point of view closer to deep ecology or agrarianism (from Weeks Three and Four)? Review your classmates’ posts. As you analyze their interpretation of the film, consider playing devil’s advocate and attempt to show how their analysis does not capture the essence of the either film or the authors they compare to the film. If you agree with others, enhance the discussion by including more supporting evidence from the articles or from your own outside research. Attend discussion on at least four separate days, and post a total of 800 words. There is no required word count for individual posts as long as all your posts together total 800 words. Nor is there a minimum number of posts, but you must post on at least four separate days by Day 7. Carefully review the for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your discussion.

the first using Jane smith’s essay as a guide, classify people in an organization into three types-saving the best type for last.you can discuss types

the first using Jane smith’s essay as a guide, classify people in an organization into three types-saving the best type for last.you can discuss types of students in a class, members of club, players on a team, people at a party, or friends you may write a single paragraph or an essay. the second : (compare and contraest ) like Mirham Mahmutagic, write a paragraph (or an essay ) in which you can contrast one set of values you have learned the third one ( Define a person in a role ) write your own definition of a good father , mother , teacher the experiences of people you know . the last one : ( peruasive argument ) write an argument about changing here are some suggestions for topics: the garding system required courses food servives

Due Week 8 and worth 150 points Now that you have completed your report, it is time to design and present your findings. Your task

Due Week 8 and worth 150 points Now that you have completed your report, it is time to design and present your findings. Your task is to organize and develop the three (3) parts (introduction, body, and closing) of an effective presentation, based on your Justification Report (Assignment 2.3). Chapter 12 in our text provides overall information on presentation format, content, and delivery. do not simply cut and paste your justification report content to the slides. Instead develop clear, concise content that enhances your presentation narration or notes. Remember that your slides are meant to be highlights and your audience should not spend a great deal of time reading from the slides but instead listening to you present the concepts. Create an eight to ten (8-10) slide presentation in which you: Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it

You will write a 12 to 15-page research-oriented paper. The paper must focus on policy analysis in policing. The paper must also be in current

You will write a 12 to 15-page research-oriented paper. The paper must focus on policy analysis in policing. The paper must also be in current APA format. The APA headers, as a minimum, must be APA Level 1 headings for Problem, Significance, and Solution. The subthemes of the solution section must contain APA Level 2 headings or beyond. The paper must include a minimum of 12 references in addition to the class textbooks and the Bible. All references must be academic/peer reviewed sources. A minimum of 8 references must be recent peer reviewed sources published within the last five years.  You must choose a major criminal justice policy issue (excluding death penalty, legalization of marijuana, gun control, and any other topic deemed not acceptable by your instructor). The approach outlined below can be used for minor policy issues, major policy issues, minor budget issues, major budget issues, equipment implementation, and any issue dealing with a policy proposal. You are writing from the point of view as an advisor for the chief of police, sheriff, or federal department head. · Identify an issue that needs to be addressed. · Discuss the problem in a few brief paragraphs. · Discuss the significance of the problem (the significance discussion must contain the majority of your references). The significance section of the paper must contain why the issue is significant, what is being done by other departments or agencies, what law is applicable, and any other issues that can be identified as significant. This significance section of the paper must be thorough and leave no additional questions. · Propose a solution in the form of policy or guidance toward a policy. The solution must involve a minimum of 3 choices: do nothing, incremental approach, and full implementation. The solution section of the paper must have enough of an explanation of the solution so that an executive would be able to make an informed decision from your explanation. The solution must also have sub-themes. Some subthemes are: impact to department, impact to external stakeholders, and impact to budget. There may be other sub-themes in addition to or in replacement of those listed above. Must have a section relating how a Christian worldview does or may change potential proposed solutions. This must be a section and not merely a sentence or two DRAFT GRADING GUIDELINES AS FOLLOWS The   following elements should be outlined with draft content for each element: · Identify the issue. · Discuss the problem. · Discuss the significance of the problem. · Propose a solution. · Must have a section relating how a Christian   worldview does or may change potential proposed solutions. Provides   evidence of research and critical thinking. At   least 6 peer reviewed references are included. 10 Title   page, draft body, and reference list included. Current APA guidelines are   followed.

Read Se Yeon Choi, Goo Hyeok Chung, & Jin Nam Choi. (2019). Why are we having this innovation? Employee attributions of innovation and implementation behavior.

Read Se Yeon Choi, Goo Hyeok Chung, & Jin Nam Choi. (2019). Why are we having this innovation? Employee attributions of innovation and implementation behavior. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 47(7), 1–13. This week’s journal article focuses on attribution theory and how it influences the implementation of innovation technologies. Two types of employee attributions are noted in the article (intentionality and deceptive intentionality), review these concepts and answer the following questions: Provide a high-level overview/ summary of the case study Note how constructive intentionality impacts innovation implementations Find another article that adds to the overall findings of the case and note how attribution-based perspective enhances successful innovation implementations. be explicit and detailed in answering this question. Be sure to use the UC Library for scholarly research. Google Scholar is also a great source for research. be sure that journal articles are peer-reviewed and are published within the last five years. The paper should meet the following requirements: 3-5 pages in length (not including title page or references) APA guidelines must be followed. The paper must include a cover page, an introduction, a body with fully developed content, and a conclusion. A minimum of five peer-reviewed journal articles. The writing should be clear and concise. Headings should be used to transition thoughts. Don’t forget that the grade also includes the quality of writing. This assignment is due by 11:59pm EST on October 4, 2020.